An adjective describes a noun (person, place animal or thing) or a pronoun. It comes before the noun/pronoun but some adjectives can appear after a linking verb, e.g. 'to be'.

Before the noun or pronoun

The red dress.
The big tree.
Her sparkling dress.

After the noun or pronoun

The dress is red.
The tree is big.
Her dress is sparkling.

Some adjectives can be recognised by their endings. The tables below show some adjectives with the following endings: able, al, ed, en, ent, ful, ible, ic, ical, ing, ish, ive, less, ly, ous, and y.





Types of Adjectives


The adjective of quantity answers the question how many (countable) or how much (uncountable) nouns.

How Many (Countable)
  • He found ten keys.
  • Twelve birds are flying.
  • The seven dwarfs.
How Much (Uncountable)
  • I have read a lot of books.
  • He had a few cups of coffee.
  • She had plenty of money.


The quality of adjective answers the question what kind of a noun it is. For example it describes the colour, shape, size, age or origin of a noun.

Colour The sea is blue.
ShapeA round table.
SizeA big tree.
AgeAn old handbag.
OriginAn English muffin.

You can have several adjectives describing a noun/pronoun but they have to be placed in the correct order.

Order of Adjectives:

  • Opinion: lovely, nice, beautiful
  • Size: small, little, big
  • Age: young, old, new
  • Shape: round, square, triangle
  • Colour: red, green, blue, black
  • Origin: Italian, British, Dutch
  • Material: plastic, wooden, metal


She wore a beautiful green dress.

It is an old square box.

He is making a small wooden toy.

I bought a red Italian handbag.

They found a round plastic ball.


Adjective of possesive expresses the ownership or relationship of something.

Pronoun Possessive Example
I MyThis is my coat.
HeHisHis car is blue.
SheHerHer ring is pretty
You Your Your house is nice.
WeOurOur school has a swimming pool.
TheyTheir Their table is big.
ItItsThe dog ate its food.


Demonstrative adjectives are this, that, these and those. They indicate if the noun that we are talking about is near or far away.

Near Far away
This That
These Those
Singular Plural
This These
That Those



Adjective of interrogative such as whose, which and where are used when we want to ask a question.

Comparative Adjective

Comparative Adjective compares two nouns. The adjective mostly end in er.

Normal Comparative
Hot - My drink is hot. Hotter - Jane's drink is hotter than yours.
Small - Sara is small. Smaller - Anne is smaller than Sara.
Slow - She walks slow. Slower - He walks slower than her
Fast - Tom runs fast. Faster - Kelly runs faster than Tom.

Note! The word than is used with the comparative adjective.

Superlative Adjective

The superlative adjective compares more than two nouns and mostly end in est.

Normal Comparative Superlative
Tall - Tim is tall. Taller -
Jane is taller than Tim.
Tallest -
Imran is the tallest.
Happy - Mo is happy. Happier -
Sara is happier than Mo.
Happiest -
Paul is the happiest.
Wise - Jack is wise. Wiser -
Sara is wiser than Jack.
Wisest -
Linda is the wisest.

Note! The word the is used with the superlative adjective.


The following spelling rules will help you understand how to form the comparative and superlative adjectives.

One Syllable Adjectives Comparative Superlative
ends in e
Example: wise
add r at the end
add st at the end
ends with a vowel and a consonant
Example: big
double the consonant g and add er
double the consonant g and add est

A Two Syllable Adjective Comparative Superlative
ends in y
Example: happy
replace the y with i and add er
replace y with i and add est

Note! Comparative adjectives end in er and superlative adjectives end in est.

More and Most

Most adjectives with two or more syllables use either more or less to form the comparative adjective and most or least to form the superlative adjective.

Normal Comparative Superlative
beautiful more/less beautifulmost/least beautiful
intelligentmore/less intelligentmost/least intelligent
charmingmore/less charmingmost/least charming
comfortablemore/less comfortablemost/least comfortable

Note! The adjective word does not change when used with more and most.


My vase is more beautiful than yours.

The most beautiful painting in this room belongs to Jack.

Note: than is used with the comparative adjective and the is used with the superlative adjective.

Irregular Adjectives

There are exception to the rules with irregular adjectives. You just need to familiarise yourself with irregular adjectives.

Irregular Adjectives Comparative Superlative
bad worseworst

Now try the Exercises!