Pronouns are words that take the place of nouns. In a sentence it helps to avoid repetition of a noun.


Jane (noun) went to the shop by car. Jane (noun) parked her car inside a shopping mall.

Use of Pronoun:

Jane (noun) went to the shop by car. She (pronoun) parked her car inside a shopping mall.

Different Types of Pronouns

It is important to understand the different types of pronouns.

Personal Pronouns

First I/me
Second you
Third he/him

First we/us
Third they/them

Subject and Object Personal Pronouns

Subject: I, you, he, she, it, we, they

Object: me, you, him, her, it, us, them


In a sentence the subject performs the action of the verb. A subject can be a person, a place or a thing.

Remember! A sentence must have a subject and a verb (action word).

Subject Example
II run every day.
YouYou eat the cake.
HeHe swims in the pool.
She She smiles in the mirror.
ItIt flew high.
WeWe love dancing.
They They walked home.


We know a sentence must have a subject and a verb but some sentences may also have an object. An object can be a person, place or thing which receives the action shown by the verb. The object can come after a verb and a preposition.

Remember! A verb is a doing word and preposition are words related to nouns or pronouns.

Object Example
Me He loves me.
YouI believe you.
HimShe talks to him.
HerHe smiled at her.
ItI found it.
UsThey followed us.
ThemWe sang with them.

Possessive Pronouns

A possesive pronoun is used to show possession of ownership.

First ours
Third theirs

Look at the table below to understand possesion of ownership.

Subject Example
Mine She is a friend of mine.
YoursThe ball is yours.
His His shoes are green.
HersThe bag is not hers.
Its Its engine is not working!
OursOurs is the chocolate and lime cake.
TheirsThe children went to the theatre with an old aunt of theirs.

Interrogative Pronouns

Interrogative pronouns are used to ask a question. The interrogative pronouns are in red.

  • Who is that person?

  • Whom are you travelling with?

  • What is your name?

  • Which year did you go to Brazil?

  • When did you book the trip?

  • Whose are these shoes?

Demonstrative Pronouns

Demonstrative pronoun are used when we talk about things that are near or far away.

Near By ThisThese
Far Away ThatThose

  • This is my dog. (The dog is near by)

  • That is a bungalow. (The bungalow is far away)

  • These are my cooking books. (The books are near by)

  • Those animals belong to the farm. (The animals are far away)

Reflexive Pronouns

Reflexive pronouns are used to refer to the subject of the sentence and to emphasise.


The subject is in blue and the reflexive pronoun is in red.

  • She made herself a very hot cup of soup.

  • You have to look after yourself!

  • Tom is looking at himself in the mirror.

  • Our cat cut itself jumping on a broken glass.

  • I can look after myself.

  • Kittens cannot look after themsleves.

  • You all have to find yourselves a good career.

  • We made the wedding cake all by ourselves.

Now try the Exercises!