Articles come before a noun. There are 2 types of articles:

  1. Definite - The is used when we want to refer to a specific noun.
  2. Indefinite - a and an are used when we want to refer to a non-specific noun.

Definite: The

The article can be used with a single or a plural noun

In the the above two sentences we are not talking about any general chair or chairs. We are talking about the specific chair and chairs.

Indefinite: 'a' and 'an'

The articles a and an are used with a single noun.


A chair is broken.

In the above sentence we know a chair is broken but do not know which chair is broken.


For words that start with a vowel a, e, i, o, u or a silent h we use the indefinite article an.

If the word starts with the letter u but sounds like a y than we use the article a instead of an.

Now try the Exercises!