A sentence should make sense. It starts with a capital letter and ends with a full stop, question mark or an exclamation mark. It must have a subject and a verb. Some sentences can also have an object.

The subject in a sentence is a person or thing that is doing the action (verb) and the object is a person or thing that receives the action.

Subject Verb Object
I am walking home
She baked a cake
Tomis writing a book
The boy was washing the dog
The postman delivered the letter
The manager is reading a report

Types of Sentences

Simple Sentence

A simple sentence has one main (independant) clause. An indepentent clause can make sense on its own.

Compound Sentence

A compound sentence has two or more simple sentences joined by a conjunction.

Complex Sentence

A complex sentence has a main clause and one or more subordinate clause. A subordinate clause does not make sense on its own.

Four Types of Simple Sentences

Declarative Sentence (when you want to make a statement)

He walked to the shop.

They were revising for the exams.

Interrogative Sentence (when you want to ask a question)

Where do you live?

How much is that book?

Exclamatory Sentence (when you want to emphasise)

I am not happy!

You are driving me mad!

Imperative Sentence (when you want to give an order)

Make sure you deliver the letter.

Please arrive on time for dinner.

Now try the Exercises!